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Kärnten (AT)

Total population: 555.000

Region profile

Carinthia (Kärnten) is the southernmost Austrian state and with its 9533 km² surface is the fifth widest Land. Carinthia borders the states of Salzburg, Styria and East Tyrol. Moreover, it shares a 170 km border with Slovenia and a 109 km border with Italy. Dreiländereck near Arnoldstein marks the meeting point of the three different cultures.

The language spoken by the major part of the Carinthian people is German. In everyday life people speak above all the Carinthian dialect, a sort of Southern Bavarian dialect. The last census has pointed out that 2.4% of Carinthian people consider Slovenian as their current language. The settling area of the Slovenian ethnic group is located in the South of Carinthia.

From a political point of view, Carinthia is divided into ten districts (Klagenfurt, Klagenfurt-Land, Villach, Villach-Land, Spittal/Drau, Hermagor, Feldkirchen, St. Veit/Glan, Wolfsberg, Völkermarkt) and into132 municipalities. Klagenfurt, the chief town, and Villach are statutory cities.

The Klagenfurt basin and the valleys of Carinthia are framed by mountains. The most important mountain ranges are the High Tauern and the Gurktal Alps in the North, the Carnic and Karawanke Alps in the South and the Saualpe and Koralpe in the East Even the Großglockner with its 3.798 metre height, the highest mountain of Austria, is situated in Carinthia.

Carinthia is the country of water, it is provided with at least 1270 water basins, 200 of which are warm lakes suitable for swimming, most of them with drinking water. The widest and most famous lake of Carinthia is the Wörthersee, other lakes are Millstätter See, Ossiacher See and Weißensee.

 

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